The great military leader Amir Timur (Tamerlane) was born April 9, 1336 in Khoja-Ilgar village, Kesh (now Karshi, Uzbekistan). The founder played a significant role in the history of Central, South and West Asia, as well as Caucasus, the Volga region and Russia.
Biography of Tamerlane’s political activity is similar to Genghis Khan. Timur also was interested in all the details of the organization of the military forces of the enemy, as well as he had authority with his troops and always could rely on their associates. Since young age Timur was smart and courage, he liked to talk with scientists, listening to the reading of historical works. He was not only forward-looking ruler and a talented organizer, but also cruel conqueror, ruthlessly suppressing any disobedience.
Most of his life the great commander spent in campaigns, his reign lasted 35 years (1370 - 1405). In 1370 Timur was proclaimed supreme Emir of Turan. When he conquered the territory of Ferghana and Shash, also land between the rivers Amu Darya and Syr Darya, Timur began to expand the boundaries of his future empire. Then Timur with great success conquered states of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Iran and India. After he captured Damask and defeated the troops of the Egyptian sultans. Then he defeated he Turkish conqueror Sultan Bayazid, they made war for 2 years (1400 - 1402). Having made strong army, Timur created the conditions for further economic and cultural development of his empire. n 1404 Timur led his troops to China, unfortunately, his plan was not succeed. It was the last military campaign of the great commander. February 18, 1405 at the age of 68 years Timur died in Otrar (Shymkent, Kazakhstan), was buried in Samarkand.
It is important to note that the Great Silk Road appeared during the reign of Amir Timur. He also established trade and diplomatic relations with major European countries like England and France. Tomb of the great Sultan (Tamerlane) is in Gur Emir Mausoleum in Samarkand. There is a legend that if somebody disturbs Tamerlane’s ash, great and terrible war begins.
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