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Archive of Blog: March 2015

Vanishing Asian Sea
Published: 27 march 2015

It is considered that the Aral Sea is just 10 000 years old. When the riverbed of Amu Dariya and Syr Dariya divided the Turan lowland was filled with their water. The scientist considered that during its existence the Aral Sea changed its borders 9 times. Now when the bottom of the Aral Sea is seen scientists discovered some trees which have grown here before. Just in the middle of 19th century it was known the borders of this Sea and it was researched properly. The reasons of the Sea vanishing The first and the main reason of The Aral Sea drying is unlimited usage of its water for watering cotton. At the start of 20th century Uzbekistan was the agricultural country where cotton was the base of economy. The second reason is raising land. This process started in 1965. And in 1983 the Sea lost its fishing meaning in Uzbekistan. The canning factory stopped working. Nowadays The Aral Sea w...

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Jewelry of Turkish women
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 16 march 2015

Turkish women liked jewelry very much and wore them from ancient time. Zargar (jeweler) was famous profession, but his work was very difficult. Master had to have a sense of colors, special taste and feel the beauty of nature. The jewelry of XIX century was very rich and could have different forms and colors. They were used for headdress and outerwear decoration. There were special schools of jewelers in Surkhandaria, Bukhara, Khorezm, Fergana and Tashkent. Kinds of jewelry At that time jewelry was very diverse. Turkish women wore chains, hanging caskets, brooches and small flacons on the chest and neck. To hairs women attached elegant pendants with gold and silver coins. Diadems and crowns were put on head. The main jewelry was earrings that manufactured in wide range. They could be short, in crescent form, with gems and others. Women’s wrists were decorated by wristlets that c...

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Uzbek bread
Published: 02 march 2015

Bread is a very important staple for Uzbek people at all times. The bakers are baking round bread with love and doing their best. That’s why round bread whether for wedding, holiday or for every day is beautiful and tasty. Breads There’re a lot of sorts of bread in Uzbekistan. The round bread with meat, onion and even pumpkin is very popular among Uzbek people. Bread was often made from cornmeal in ancient time. To make it more nutritious, bakers add pumpkin inside. The popular sort of bread is patir. Dough is made from milk with yeasts and butter. Then dough divided into small part and is rolled out. After making round share it’s baked in tandir (a special oven). There’s another sort of round bread – shirmoy non. The dough’s made from crushed peas and brewed by anis.  After it the bread are baking in tandir. At the end of XIX century there was...

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Emir Zindan
Published: 10 march 2015

Zindan (“zina” - "crime" and “dan” – “room”) in Persian means an underground prison. It’s the most mysterious monument of Bukhara built in XVIII century. It’s situated inside the city (Shakhristan) and consists of several wards, dungeon made of brick with a diameter of about 5 meters and a depth of 6.5 meters.   Zindan was accommodated not more than 40 people and it’s not a serious amount if compare it with population of medieval Bukhara. It means that crime rate was low at that time. The prisoners were usually debtors, criminals and condemned persons.   Punishment for the guilty   The Bukhara Khanate was the state where religion played a major role in the lives of citizens. One of these requirements was the daily five prayers. There was a special officer - Rais who kept order. He came to mosques every day and n...

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