One day tour in Tashkent will show you the eras' difference: from Shash times to Russian Empire, from Soviet Tashkent to Tashkent city.
Tashkent is a capital of Uzbekistan, its the most modern city, the heart and the head quarter of many firms and trademarks. History of Tashkent has started 2500 years ago, when it has name ''Shash'' and was a big point on the Great Silk Road map. Lots of travellers and sellers came to Shash for having good deals and sharing news.
Previously Tashkent had 11 different gates, which have had only one key. When Russian Royal Empire has conquered Shash (the capital of Turkestan land, they called) - the keys were passed to Russian army general as a sign of giving up. Nowadays, no one of those gates has survived the time pass. Only Anhor river Bridge symbolizing the border of New & Old cities...
Start sightseeing tour of Tashkent (5-6 hrs) visiting old and new parts of the city:
- Amir Timur Square, founded in 1882 and originally called Konstantinovsky Square, was renamed on August 31, 1994 after of the Amir Timur to honor the cultural and historical contribution of the great conqueror. Around the Square there are the Museum of History of Timurids, Uzbekistan hotel, Forum Palace and famous chimes.
- Tashkent striking clock, one of major symbols of Tashkent.
- Theater Square with the Opera House: State Academic Theater of Uzbekistan named after Alisher Navoi built in 1947 is one of the best opera theater of the world performs both classical and national repertoires.
- Independence Square, the main square of Uzbekistan reflects the past, present and future of the country. There are fountains standing for life energy of Uzbek people, the Cabinet and the Senate, the “Eternal flame" in honor of soldiers who died during the Second World War. - Earthquake Memorial, the composition is devoted to the tragic date of earthquake in Tashkent on April 26, 1966, and is erected in the approximate place of earthquake epicenter. Residents still come to the monument to honor those people who took a part in the reconstruction of Tashkent;
- Khast Imam Square – a religious center of the city consisting of the Barakkhan madrasah; Kaffal Shashi Mausoleum and the library of Islamic Literature with the Holy Koran Book of the VII century (original Quran Othman). Khast Imam is one of the most significant spiritual centers in Central Asia and attracts the pilgrims and visitors all over the world.
- Chorsu bazaar – the ancient bazaar of Tashkent. “Chorsu” means “four waters”, symbolically meaning the conjunction of four major parts of old city in bazaar where people come for trades. The bazaar beautiful blue dome, built in traditional style after the Tashkent earthquake, is often depicted in post cards and international magazines and became one of the major sights of interest both for locals and guests – one can see oriental tiled bazaar from different souvenir shops with ceramics, handicraft works, carpets and jewelry, the whole pavilion full of delirious fruits to the finest textiles and colorful fabrics.
- Tashkent Metro (the first line was launched in 1977) with beautiful train stations each decorated in thematic style with traditional ornaments and special lightning.