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Uzbek traditions

Uzbek national clothes
Published: 05 october 2019

The peculiarity of clothes of local nations has always been determined by climatic, social conditions and tribal traditions. As far back as 19th century clothing (gowns, dresses, and shirts) continued keeping the archaic features: wide, long, whole-cut, it freely fell down hiding the shapes of the human body. The clothes were unified: for winter and summer, for men, women and children, they were close in shape and design. The traditional national men's costume consists of a warm quilted robe - chapan tied with a scarf or scarves, headgear tyubeteika, and boots made of fine leather. Men wore shirts of straight design, inner and outer robes. A robe might be light or warm, quilted on wadding. On each side of the robe there were cuts for convenience of walking and sitting on the floor. Robe - chapan usually was tied with a scarf or scarves. Holiday national costume differs from the everyday ...

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Eastern turban
Published: 02 october 2015

The most famous head-dress in oriental Muslim countries was turban worn by people of all ages and groups of society. At fist turban used as a protection against the searing sun and wind. But later it became a symbol of Islam and even a sign of the government, so it is put on the head during the coronation. Turban is the main head-dress With the adoption of Islam turban has become a mandatory turban headdress. It was forbidden to visit mosque and tombs without turban. To show reverence and respect at the meeting with Sheikh a man has to remove the turban from his head. In childhood boys wore special children's hats, but later it was changed to turban. Turban could tell almost everything about its owner. Even passers can know about social status of a person, his income and other information by the manner of wearing the turban, its size and color. Thus, the court, emirs, sultans and khans...

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Musical instruments of Temurids
Published: 25 september 2015

During the reign of Amir Temur and Temurids instrumental music was actively developed. Musical instruments were usually used for aesthetic purposes. That’s why viewing platforms were constructed in front of palace’s goals. It was the place where gathered numerous viewers. Musical instruments were used during the military campaigns, appointment of military ranks, religious and hunting activities. Amir Temur was very strict for musicians, checking their professionalism and personally appointing musicians and heads of music groups. At that moment experienced and famous musicians were coming from different countries to Samarkand. Most of them were invited for the exchange of experience. In such condition musical art had been developed at high level. Folk festivals and holidays had been celebrated widely and attracted many locals. Musical instruments The most famous and freque...

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Surkhandarya people clothing
Published: 28 august 2015

The national costume can tell us about age-long traditions, customs and aesthetic priorities typical of each regional culture. Uzbekistan clothing is special but of different regions of Uzbekistan it differed. Clothing of Surkhandarya people, and first of all of the Kungrats, is especially interesting. Women clothing Women clothing is very complex and had been forming for centuries under the influence of local conditions, climate and occupations. It includes under-dress and dress, pants (lozim), overclothes, headwear and footwear. But everything depends on the age of the women, that’s why the standard costume can be changed and decorated more freely and interesting.   At the second half of the XIX c. married women wore the straight wide dress with long sleeves. Under the influence of the Russian fashion the dresses with upstanding collar became popular. With the passage of ...

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Blacksmithing of Bukhara
Published: 05 july 2015

Bukhara was a center of development of handicraft production for many centuries. Nowadays the work of revival the crafts is being actively carried out. It’s blacksmithing, dyeing, silk weaving, wood carving and others.  Rites of initiation into masters Young people learn from the masters all the tricks and intricacies and then become masters. There’s particular rites of initiation into masters that is very interested for tourists. This rite takes place in a solemn and festive atmosphere.  Parents present robe and belt for master, because he has prepared young artists to work independently and adjusted to a positive result.  Initiation rites are also carried out in silk weaving, but in this case the master puts on the disciple robe and ties it with a gauze bandage (about 5-6 meters). In addition, as a sign of blessing, the student receives the tools and materi...

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Creative textile of Uzbekistan
Published: 19 june 2015

Nothing can characterize art culture of Uzbekistan except bright, open and luscious colors. Through colorful designs of carpets, embroideries and textiles masters tells life optimism of Uzbek people, nature beauty and special energy charge. Bright embroidered geometric patterns, colors and special signs are perfectly combined with green gardens and heavenly blue. A traveler von Schwartz also noticed it during his travelling in XIX century. He wrote: “As for the spectacular selection of colours and expensive fabrics, people of Central Asia surpass all European painters who are accustomed to the lead-colour sky”. The main motives Favorite color combinations are using from ancient times and became classical. Masters used a simple principle when pure tones are selected by contrast and also selected shades of the same color. It’s used no more than 15 basic colors and it al...

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Navruz Holiday
Published: 11 february 2015

Navruz is the most cheerful holiday in Central Asia. The history of the holiday goes back to ancient time, when people worshipped the Sun and the Fire. It was celebrated by solar calendar, based on the earth position compared to the Sun.  So the holiday celebrated on the 21 of March, the equinox day - when day and night are of equal length. For more than 3 centuries people of Central and East Asia celebrate Navruz as the holiday of Coming Spring. Navruz is the symbol of a new day and new year, it’s time for new plans, good mood and hopes. And nothing could change tradition: neither new religions, nor new rulers – Navruz remains popular holiday.  Why? The New Year always brings to people hopes and belief in better life and future. It’s considered that “if a man eats an apple and sniffs narcissus in the morning of Navruz holiday, the New year will be happ...

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The history of Uzbek Marionettes Theater
Published: 05 february 2015

We are no other than a moving row  Of Magic Shadow-shapes that come and go  Round with the Sun-illumined Lantern held  In Midnight by the Master of the Show Omar Khayyam Puppetry was very famous performance from high antiquity. It’s considered that the first puppet appeared in Central Asia in IV b.c. owing to Alexander the Great. For many centuries the art was forgotten. Local artists began to show such kind of performances in V-VII c. and later in XI-XII c. But puppetry became the most popular performance only during Temurid’s reign. Local people liked bright and interesting performances with a great depth of meaning. Chodirhayol On the territory of modern Uzbekistan theater of Marionettes called “Chodirhayol”. It’s translated as the theater of fantasy or ghosts. The performance ran only in the evening time. There was enclosed sp...

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What can we learn from local people?
Published: 23 january 2015

Visiting other country, we like it or not we learn something new and even begin to think in a different way. Each journey gives us opportunity to see how other people live. You can learn many useful things from them and use them in your life. Well, what can we learn during the tour to Uzbekistan? Hospitality Hospitality – is national feature of Uzbek people. Even small children know how to meet guests and how to behave. Don’t know how to get to bazaar or hotel? Ask passes-by and they’ll show you not only the way, but even take you to the place. Ability to bargain Don’t know how to bargain? Go to bazaar during your tour to Uzbekistan and try to get some discount from the seller. It’s not so easy, because bargain is something from impudence, bluff and ability to smile and deal with seller. Peace of mind In the East people don’t get accustomed to hurry...

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Uzbek shopping
Published: 20 january 2015

What’s Uzbekistan for you? Uzbek plov – yes! Halva and sweetest melon – certainly! Embroidered skullcap with gold threads? You’re right! And what’s about carpets, natural silk and souvenir knifes? Yes, this all you can find in Uzbekistan – country, which is famous by its hospitality. For shopping we recommend to visit oriental bazaar, where you can buy everything what you want. Trade begins from early morning and doesn’t stop until evening.  Fresh fruit, vegetables, dried fruit, sweets and spices you can buy in low price. Also you can bargain to take extra discount. But it’s not as simple as you suppose. Bargain is something from impudence, bluff and ability to smile and deal with seller. You can check this ability during your tour to Uzbekistan! Be sure – when you come to bazaar, you cannot go away without purchase. This ...

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National holidays of uzbekistan
Published: 23 june 2014

Nowruz (New day) is celebrated on March 21, the day of vernal equinox. This day Uzbek families cook national dishes such as sumalyak, pilaf, samsa and others. This holiday symbolizes friendship, unity and brotherhood of all peoples. That is why, this day people must forgive each other, not quarrel, as well as help the poor men. According to tradition, all this brings home good luck, prosperity and well-being. People visit their relatives and friends, sing songs, as well as wish the New Year to be prosperous. The Uzbeks who live in villages arrange traditional competitions and games.Ramazan Hait is celebrated on the 9 month Hijri on Muslim calendar. It is a celebration of moral and spiritual purification. After fasting-day – Uraza, which lasts 30 days, is celebrated Ramazan Hait. During Uraza it is not allowed to eat, drink and take pleasure. But after sunset and before sunrise it i...

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Uzbek head-dress
Published: 14 august 2013

  The Uzbek head-dress has always been one of the most popular and widespread types of applied art of Uzbekistan. It is a hard or soft cap on the lining. The Uzbek head-dress became an integral part of the Uzbek national costume, came into the life and traditions of Uzbek people. It (from the Turkic "Tube" - top) is not only the national head-dress among the Uzbeks, but also among other Central Asian nations. They are classified by types: men, women, children, for old people. Old women do not wear it. Child's head-dresses (kulohcha, kalpakcha, duppi, kulupush) are colorful fabrics, fluffiness of tassels and beads, embroidery, spangles and lots of charms. The most common forms of Uzbek head-dreasses are- square, slightly conical. They are made of two or more layers of fabric quilted and fixed with a silk or cotton thread. It is usually embroidered with a silk thread, gold or silver c...

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Khammam baths in Bukhara
Published: 08 february 2013

Eastern baths today are widely spread. They are located in Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Syria, Tunisia, Lebanon and here in Central Asia. Traditions of all oriental baths originate from ancient times.First baths khammams refer to the VII century. It is considered that the Turks adopted from the Arabs the culture to take a steam bath the Eastern way. And the Arabs adopted this culture from the Romans. It is significant that the spreading of Khammams in Asia was simultaneously with Islam. Prophet Mohammed recommended to his followers to take hot baths because “Cleanness – half of faith”.Two baths which have been working more than 600 years remained in Bukhara. Woman’s bath Khammomi-Kundjak and man’s bath – Bozor-I Kord near Tok-I Telpak Furushon.Old bath in Bukhara Bozor-I Kord Khammam was built in the XIV century and did not lose its unique traditions and medicin...

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Uzbek wedding
Published: 30 april 2012

Different kinds of events are frightfully loved in the East. And Uzbekistan is not the exception. If you have ever read the Eastern tales, you know that they all finish like this: at the end they got married, and they were celebrating the wedding for 40 days and 40 nights, and they lived for a long time and were happy…Of course forty days weddings may be only in the tales. But, nevertheless, in the East the weddings are very big and they are hold at least 2-3 days. In Uzbekistan all events are called Tuy. Wedding – nikokh tuy, child birth – beshik tuy, circumcision of the son according to the Muslim traditions – sunnat tuy and etc.The celebrations are prepared and directed by women. Men are breadwinners, and they have no time to be busy about the holiday rush, and that is why men have no time for these traditions and ceremonies. Men usually solve key issues and p...

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