The Mosque Kalayn is one of the oldest in Central Asia, and the largest after Samarkand Bibi Khanum Mosque, is the main cathedral mosque of Bukhara. Design features say about the close connection of Ulugbek era. According to an inscription, the mosque was built at the beginning of the XV century. The building is a vast courtyard, surrounded by galleries, square columns, covered with domes. The building accommodated up to 10,000 people.
The building has a traditional rectangular plan with four ayvans. The unusual beauty of mosaic frames the facade of the mosque, covered with glaze. The dome, which merges with the blue of the sky, towering over all the buildings of the city, and it gives the impression of massiveness of the building. Despite this, the architecture of the mosque Kalyan differs with simple, clarity and proportionality of forms. There are the inscriptions of Holy Muslim book – Koran on the wall of the mosque. The main entrance – East is decorated with a large portal, coverd with mosaics. The platform is on a raised platform, and a few steps lead to the courtyard of the mosque.
In addition to the above, Kalyan Mosque is one of the most impressive mosques in Central Asia. It is one of the first works of architecture of the Uzbek state..
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