Complex Khoja Abdi Birun
is located in the south-eastern part, on the outskirts of Samarkand
. The building was built in the XVII century by the famous dignitary Nadir Divan-Begi, who was one of the first preachers of Islam in Samarkand. Mazar Khoja Abdi Birun means “outside”, that is, which lays outside the city walls.
Khoja ABdi Birun was lawyer, grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, who lived in IX century.
The complex includes khanaka and burial yard. Hanaka is a portal-dome composition with a central hall. Brick mosaic was used for interior’s decoration, and dakhma (ground tomb), located in the courtyard, was covered with marble. Pond (hauz) was dug not far from the grave Sheikh Abdi-Birun, around which the trees were planted. There are residential khujras on the north side of the mausoleum, and ayvan mosque is on the west side. Several ancient tombs decorated with brick mosaic are on the south side.
Nowadays, Khoja Abdi Birun is one of the largest complexes of Central Asia. Every year, pilgrims from all over Uzbekistan
come to the mausoleum to pray and talk about their problems, asking the saint for advice and help.