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Tashkent, Caiptal of Uzbekistan - Travel GuideTashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan, a city in which more than 2.5 million people live. This glorious ancient city, which appeared on one of the crossroads of the Great Silk Road more than 2 thousand years ago, is considered to be the same age as Rome. During its history, he changed many names - for example, the names Chach (Chach-tepa) and Shash (Shash-tepa), which came from the Sogdian language, meant “six hills”, Binkent translated from Turkic means “main city of the region”, as well as the name Madina-ash-Shash, which sounded in Turkic as Shashkent (Tashkent) - “stone city”. There is also a version according to which the name of Tashkent has Latin roots: from the words taxo - to feel, evaluate, determine the dignity of a thing (taxatio - assessment, tax) and centum - a hundred; a lot. Taxo, centum - taxcent (estimate, many) - tax center - Tashkent.

After the earthquake of 1966, which almost completely destroyed the central part of the city, Tashkent was restored in just 3.5 years. All the fraternal republics helped to reconstruct the capital; with their assistance, several new neighborhoods were built. In memory of what happened in Tashkent, the “Courage” memorial complex was installed.

Compared to other ancient cities in the capital, only a small part of the historical buildings has been preserved. Not far from the current railway station North you can see a unique historical monument - the ancient site of ancient settlement Mingurik. It was here that the ancient settlement of Chach was once located, from which the present Tashkent subsequently grew.Tashkent, Capital of Uzbekistan - Travel Guide

In the old part of the city, not far from the Chorsu market, there is the largest madrasa of the city - Kukeldash Madrasa, built-in 1570 and being part of the architectural ensemble of the once main city square-region.

Not far from the Kukeldash Madrasa there is one of the most ancient mosques in Tashkent - the Jami Mosque, also known as the Juma Mosque, which is more than 12 centuries old. Now the mosque is named after Khoja Ahrar Vali.

There, in the Old City, in the depths of one of the residential areas, there is the architectural complex Hazrati Imam (Khast-Imam), built near the grave of one of the first Tashkent imams - the scholar and poet Hazrati Imam, whose full name is Abu-Bakr Muhammad Kaffal Shashi. The complex, built in the 16th century, consists of the Barak Khan madrasah, which houses the Muslim Office of Uzbekistan, Muyi Muborak Madras, Tilla-Sheikh Mosque, Hazrati Imam Mausoleum, Namazgoh Mosque, and the Imam Bukhari Islamic Institute.

Not far from Alisher Navoi Avenue, near the Urda Square is the architectural complex of Sheikhantaur, consisting of several mosques, mausoleums, a cemetery, and a madrasa. The complex got its name in honor of Sheikh Hovendi at-Tahur, whose tomb-mausoleum is the first building of the complex and dates from the XIV century.

In the suburbs of Tashkent, there is another historical monument - the Zangi-ota ensemble, built, according to legend, by order of Amir Temur himself at the end of the 14th century.

In the new part of the city - the one that was founded after the conquest of Tashkent in 1865 by the troops of the Russian Empire and separated from the Old City by the Anchor Channel - has its own attractions. Of course, they are much younger than those located in the Old Town, but this is no less interesting. One of the business cards of the capital is the Tashkent television tower with a height of 375 meters and an observation platform open to the public.Tashkent, Capital of Tashkent - Travel Guide

A true work of art is the Tashkent Metro, recognized as one of the most beautiful in the world. Its stations are skillfully decorated not only with marble and granite, but also with glass, plaster, and mosaic, and also decorated with frescoes, panels and bas-reliefs with oriental ornaments.

Among the Tashkent museums are the geological and railway museums, the Museum of Applied Arts and the Museum of the Memory of victims of repression. The Amir Temur Museum, the Museum of the History of Uzbekistan, the Museum of Nature of Uzbekistan and the Museum of Astronomy are also noteworthy.

Special mention deserves excellent examples of the architecture of the period of the Russian Empire. Most of these structures created by the architect Wilhelm Heinzelman. Among them, the palace of Prince Romanov, the cadet corps (the old TashMI), the bank building on the square, the former real school (now the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations) and the building of a diesel power station (now the Center for Contemporary Art is located there).

Another place to visit is Chorsu Market - the oldest bazaar of the capital, which is about 500 years old, located under a beautiful dome as if floating in the air. It is Chorsu, which is located in the Old Town on the former Eski-Zhuva Square, which is considered to be the heart of old Tashkent. Here there is a brisk trade in everything that should be in the oriental bazaar — fruits, sweets, nuts, spices, souvenirs, ceramics, and many other handicraft items.

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