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Kyzylkum desert
Published: 28 may 2013

Kyzylkum (from Turkic means «red sand») – is a sandy desert between the rivers Amudarya and Syrdarya in Central Asia. Its area is 300 thousand sq. km. On the north-west the desert is limited by hollow of Aral Sea, on the north-east by Syrdarya and on the south-west is limited by Amudarya. The desert has row of hollows and separated mountains. Mountains of Kyzylkum are unique, there were found rich deposits of gold. The most territory of kyzylkum is sand massifs. Maximum height of sand mountains is 75 metre.  Climate in the desert is continental. It is hot in summer, middle temperature of June is 28 degree, in winter is from 0 to -9 degree. Precipitation is mainly in winter and spring. The most suitable time for travelling is from April to June and September-October. Here at this time you can see local animals: gazelles, black lizards, foxes, jerboas, hares, gophers...

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Baysun
Published: 23 may 2013

 Baysun is the city in Surkhandarya. It received status of the city in 1975. This amazingly beautiful city is rich with endless green valleys and snow-covered slopes of the mountains. Baysun - fantastic city that contains a historical memory of the great long forgotten civilizations: the Great Amir Temur's empire, the Kushan, Greco-Bactrian.   Many years ago there were trading caravans on this earth. Folk traditions and customs of Baysun region differ from the other regions of Uzbekistan. Therefore, residents of the city sacred honor preserved customs and culture of the ancient city. This applies to the rituals and songs, dances and the historical style of dress. Baysun is famous for its magnificent embroidery. Population of Baysun comes from Turkic and Tajik roots; especially it is reflected in the decoration of clothing. For the nomadic tribes is typical ornament with a pictu...

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Uzbek carpet weaving
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 20 may 2013

One of the oldest types of folk art in Central Asia is the production of silk and woolen carpets. Domestic carpet weaving is developed in Fergana valley, Nurota, Kashkadarya, Surhandarya and Syrdarya regions. In Uzbekistan the carpet is a symbol of wealth and comfort. Carpet is the necessary gift in Uzbek wedding. The Uzbek carpets are long-pile, pileless and short-pile. In the centre of carpet weaving the sketches of ancient national patterns and Central Asian symbolism are carefully preserved. Khiva factory received a great popularity for carpet production. In modern conditions the factory expands the opportunities. Portrait carpets are made here, the tradition of which was known in the East in the early middle ages.   Depending on the region, carpets are distinguished by color and ornaments. For example, Samarkand carpets have black, red and blue tones. Bukhara carpets are decora...

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Religious monument Karatepa
Published: 02 may 2013

Karatepa– religious centre, from Uzbek means “black hill”, situated in the north-west corner of the ancient city Termez, its square is 7 hectares. The centre consists of temples and monasteries, which were built at the beginning of the II century BC. The main feature of these complexes is the combination of cave structures and land structures from clay and dry grass, and also of bricks. Buddhist center Karatepa consisted of ground-cave (western and southern peaks Karatepa) and ground (northern peak) structures. According to the archeological researches, there was the second floor (there was found stairs). Limestone and carved ganj were used in architectural decoration. Interior of Karatepa was decorated with ornamental painting on plaster and sculptures of clay. The greatest prosperity the cult centre Karatepa received in II-III centuries, but in the IV-V centuries most...

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Halva is the oriental sweet.
Published: 17 april 2013

Halva is the most popular oriental sweet, it is wide-spread in countries of the Middle East and the Balkans. In Arabic, halva means "sweetness". Originally this gorgeous dessert were prepared  in Iran, in the 5th century BC. Cook, who prepares halva is called kandalatchi. Usually the basic ingredients of halva are sugar (or honey), licorice root, also walnuts, sunflower seeds, almonds, sesame seeds, peanuts, etc. There are some kinds of halva: tahini halva, halva with oil seeds and nuts, sunflower halva, halva with cotton candy, halva made of flour, halva made of vegetables and milk, peanut halva, etc. Usually halva is cooked manually. Sunflower halva is very popular in Eastern Europe. Its basic ingredients are grinded sunflower seeds. Nut halva is prepared  from different types of nuts: walnuts, peanuts, cashews, almonds and pistachios. Tahini (sesame) halva is cooked  fr...

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Sherbet - favorite drink of the famous Scheherezade.
Published: 17 april 2013

Sherbet – is oriental sweet, in Arabic «sharba» means “drink”, has a very refreshing taste and aroma. In ancient times it was a spicy drink that is sold in the Middle East. It was made of fruits. It’s said that it was  favorite drink of the famous Scheherezade. In the 16 century this delicacy came to Europe, and here it became a very popular. It was used not only as a drink but it was eaten with spoon. Nowadays sherbet refers to the eastern sweets, resembling soft candy, often it is prepared from condensed milk, and also it is a creamy fondant with different ingredients - raisins, nuts, vanilla and other spices. Some kinds of fruit ice - creams have the name sherbet.Thanks to these ingredients it is very nourishing. Fruit juice, puree, water, sugar, milk and cream, sometimes eggs are used to prepare sherbet. Tasting this oriental sweet you will su...

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Dried melon is the constant attribute of the eastern tea.
Published: 12 april 2013

One of the constant attributes of the eastern tea is dried melon. This wonderful product differs not only with taste, but it has the properties that give beauty, strength and health. It is believed that for the first time melon appeared in Central Asia. Farmers make much effort in order to gather good fruits of which will be made dried melon. During the preparation it doesn’t lose its nutrients and vitamins and remains as useful as fresh, that’s why dried melon is made only from the best fruits. Thus, it is not only very tasty snack, but also a product that strengthens and tones organism, positively effect on the human digestive tract, and enriches the body with vitamins. It is believed that a couple pieces of melon can improve your mood because it contains serotonin – “Hormone of happiness”. It is said in the east: “Melon makes hair shiny, young eyes,...

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Khammam baths in Bukhara
Published: 08 february 2013

Eastern baths today are widely spread. They are located in Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Syria, Tunisia, Lebanon and here in Central Asia. Traditions of all oriental baths originate from ancient times.First baths khammams refer to the VII century. It is considered that the Turks adopted from the Arabs the culture to take a steam bath the Eastern way. And the Arabs adopted this culture from the Romans. It is significant that the spreading of Khammams in Asia was simultaneously with Islam. Prophet Mohammed recommended to his followers to take hot baths because “Cleanness – half of faith”.Two baths which have been working more than 600 years remained in Bukhara. Woman’s bath Khammomi-Kundjak and man’s bath – Bozor-I Kord near Tok-I Telpak Furushon.Old bath in Bukhara Bozor-I Kord Khammam was built in the XIV century and did not lose its unique traditions and medicin...

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Wood carving art in Khiva
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 06 february 2013

Wood carving art of Uzbekistan is the part of Central Asian art heritage and originates in ancient times.Khiva today also is one of the oldest centers of carving art in Central Asia.Carvers from Khiva from old times have been famous for their handicraft. The peculiarity of carving art of Khiva are decoration of doors, gates, cornices, columns and furniture. Carved doors are the distinctive peculiarity of the old city.Creations of wood carving in Juma mosque in Ichan-Kala are especially beautiful. It was rebuilt at the end of the XVIII century, but retained the features of classical buildings of the East. This original one-storied building without portals, arches and domes is a huge hall with a flat roof, which is based on 213 wooden carved columns. They, different in size, shape and decoration are the high artistic value of the mosque.Skilled carvers use wood of elm and other local trees...

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Gijduvan ceramic school
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 04 february 2013

One of the more ancient, extremely interesting types of applied arts of Uzbekistan, which kept till our days the distinctive positioning of local schools and traditions, is art ceramics.Ceramics of Gijduvan takes the special among the ceramic schools of Central Asia. The characteristic feature of Gijduvan ceramics is a solid pouring with dark green or brown glaze in combination of simple engraved ornament. This décor is common, but original.Gijduvan is located not far from Bukhara. From ancient times it is the center of national arts – ceramics. Gijduvan ceramic school is notable for using different forms and colors in ornaments, through which the inimitable features and uniqueness of culture of the Uzbek people pass.Guests of Gijduvan will be told about the stages of piala (drinking bowl) origin, they will be showed the process, and if the guests can stay too long, they wil...

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Winery in Samarkand
Published: 31 january 2013

 "The truth is hiding in the wine,It is a constant view of mine.Wine may taste bitter as my life,But it can cause a lot of drive.And every morning at the dawnI feel as if I'm on the throne.A crystal glass, and earthenwareAre the only things of which I care!"(arbitrary translation of Omar Khayyam)   And it is the truth, warm and sunny Uzbekistan is a beneficial place for vine growing. Sunny Samarkand, second capital of Uzbekistan, is famous not only for its ancient historical sights, but for vineyards. That promoted opening of the fist winery in Uzbekistan. Thus, the winery was built in Samarkand.Today guests of Samarkand can visit the winery after Prof. M.A.Khovrenko. The winery was opened in 1868. The founder was the Russian entrepreneur D.M.Filatov. He achieved excellent results, and in 1883 on the International fair of wines and brandies in Paris he won the golden medal. La...

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Uzbek ceramics
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 30 january 2013

Ceramics for many centuries has been the most highly developed kind of trade in Central Asia. Slip and not slip ceramics of the leading centers had local features, appearing in peculiarity of forms, ornamental décor and colour. Traditional centers of ceramic, which remained till today, are: Rishtan, Gijduvan, Khiva, Samarkand, Gurumsaray, Shakhrisabz, Urgut, Khorezm and Tashkent.In recent years historically formed centers of ceramics have been revived, the assortment of ceramic products is enlarged (dishes, drinking bowls, cups, vessels for water and milk, different khums for keeping products), their quality becomes better. The masters, having felt the support from the government, enlarge volumes of production for reaching efficiency and competitiveness of their produce.They approach to keep local peculiarities, restore forgotten forms and images. At the same time in the dé...

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Mountains of Uzbekistan
Published: 23 january 2013

Mountains of Uzbekistan refer to the mountain systems of the Western Tien Shan and Southern Tien Shan (Gissar-Alay, including Turkestan, Zaravshan, Gissar, Karategin, Alay ridges).The high of the mountains on the territory of Uzbekistan reaches more than 4000 m., but all picks of 4000 m, high are situated in the boundary regions. For example, Khazrat-Sultan Pick – the highest point in Uzbekistan (4643 m.) in Gissar ridge, located in Surhandarya region borders on Tajikistan. Adelung Pick (4301 m.) is the highest point in Pskem ridge and borders on Kyrgyzstan, as well as Beshtor Pick (4299 m.).The huge and compound mountain system of Central Asia belongs to the highest mountain systems of Europe and Asia mountain ranges. The range crosses the whole Eurasian continent from West to East. The Tian Shan and the Pamir-Alay mountain systems are included to its central and highest part, so ...

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Tashkent yesterday and today
Published: 08 november 2012

Several administrative buildings of the century before last maintained till our days. Against the background of the modern structures they noticeably stand out. And that is most interesting, they are in a good and ideal condition. Palace of the Grand Duke Romanov (1889-1891). The palace was constructed by a famous architecture Aleksey Leontevich Benua, the building was the residence of the Great Duke Nikolay Konstantinovich Romanov. The building is constructed from dried breaks, that is why it is cool enough in summer in it. In 1917 the Museum of Arts in Tashkent was here, today it is the Museum of Arts of Uzbekistan. Then the museum was moved to another place, and now the palace is the House of greetings of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Uzbekistan.Tashkent real college (1898). 114 years ago Tashkent real college was built by the architectures Geincelman and Maksimov. In ...

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Nature reserves in Uzbekistan
Published: 30 october 2012

Gissar  mountain fir reserveGissar reserve was found in 1994. as a result of merging Kyzyksui and Mirakin reserves, and now its territory is 80986 ha. The territory is typical with numerous gorges, caverns, streams, waterfalls and small glaciers.The aim of establishment of the reserve is the keeping mountain ecosystems and snow leopard.The total amount of vascular plants is not less than 800-900 types. Among mammals there are tailed marmot, tolai hare, porcupine, wolf, fox, also white clawed dear, snow leopard and others. Among birds there are bearded, snow and black vultures, eagle, owl and etc.Gissar reserve is very interesting. There is a rock with the dinosaur footprints. In the northern part there are several small glaciers, such as Glacier Severtsev and Batyrbay.In the fir groves there is a wide spectrum of hardwoods, among which there are acer turcestanicum, barberry and dog ...

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The Aydarkul lake
Published: 12 june 2012

Aydarkul is a large drainless lake in the northeastern part of Uzbekistan, it is the artificial reservoir in the Aydar-Arnasay system of lakes. It occupies 4000 sq.km. Today it has an area of 3000 square kilometers. Its length is almost 250 km, and width – to 15 km.Aydarkul is located far from populated areas. About 345 families (approximately 1760 people) live near the lake. That is why it is very calm in this area.The Aydarkul area has a great potential for fishing, cattle-breeding and, of course, tourism.While arriving in Aydarkul, you feel the unrestrained rapture. From one side there is a poor desert South Kyzylkums, and from another side there is blue water, behind which there are the Pistalitau Mountains, and further there is the Nurata ridge. Water takes about 200 km. of the mountains. Before, there were alkaline lands, and then the lakes appeared. The lakes were formed by ...

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Uzbek suzane
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 01 may 2012

Suzane- decorative picture, embroidered in silk or cotton.For many centuries different schools were formed in the art of suzane embroidery: Nurata, Bukhara, Samarkand, Urgut, Shakhrisabz, Tashkent and Fergana schools. Each school differs by its peculiarities of embroidery and original colours.Endless love for nature is reflected in the expression in embroideries of skilled seamstresses of Bukhara, their designs absorbed the symbols and forms of different epochs. Bukhara suzanes of the XIX century. are rich in flower and plant motives that convey the infinite beauty of surrounding nature – pictures of trees, flowering shrubs, different flowers: pinks, tulips, peonies, chrysanthemums and others. Bukhara suzanes are truly considered the most beautiful suzane in Central Asia.Samarkand embroidery dates back to the art of ancient Sogdiana. Samarkand handicrafts unlike Nurata and Bukhara,...

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Uzbek dishes
Published: 01 may 2012

A wide usage of meat is peculiar to the Uzbek national cuisine. Traditionally the Uzbek prefer mutton, they eat beef very seldom, and more rarely they use horse meat for cooking some kinds of meal (bologna and etc.).The characteristic feature of modern Uzbek national cuisine is the usage of different vegetables such as carrot, pumpkin, potatoes, tomatoes, turnip and others, for cooking meal. Although potato, cabbage, tomato, aubergine have begun to cultivate in Uzbekistan since the end of the XIX century, today these vegetables are grown and used all over Uzbekistan. Different herbs both cultivated and wild found wide application in the Uzbek cuisine. Such seasonings as coriander, mint, basil, red pepper and others are added to the meal in rather big doses.Flour and grain make the base of the greater part of Uzbek dishes. The majority of different and difficulty cooked flour dishes indic...

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Uzbek wedding
Published: 30 april 2012

Different kinds of events are frightfully loved in the East. And Uzbekistan is not the exception. If you have ever read the Eastern tales, you know that they all finish like this: at the end they got married, and they were celebrating the wedding for 40 days and 40 nights, and they lived for a long time and were happy…Of course forty days weddings may be only in the tales. But, nevertheless, in the East the weddings are very big and they are hold at least 2-3 days. In Uzbekistan all events are called Tuy. Wedding – nikokh tuy, child birth – beshik tuy, circumcision of the son according to the Muslim traditions – sunnat tuy and etc.The celebrations are prepared and directed by women. Men are breadwinners, and they have no time to be busy about the holiday rush, and that is why men have no time for these traditions and ceremonies. Men usually solve key issues and p...

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