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Amir Timur
Published: 09 june 2014

The great military leader Amir Timur (Tamerlane) was born April 9, 1336 in Khoja-Ilgar village, Kesh (now Karshi, Uzbekistan). The founder played a significant role in the history of Central, South and West Asia, as well as Caucasus, the Volga region and Russia.Biography of Tamerlane’s political activity is similar to Genghis Khan. Timur also was interested in all the details of the organization of the military forces of the enemy, as well as he had authority with his troops and always could rely on their associates. Since young age Timur was smart and courage, he liked to talk with scientists, listening to the reading of historical works. He was not only forward-looking ruler and a talented organizer, but also cruel conqueror, ruthlessly suppressing any disobedience.Most of his life the great commander spent in campaigns, his reign lasted 35 years (1370 - 1405). In 1370 Timur was ...

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Mirzo Ulugbek
Published: 09 june 2014

Mirzo Ulugbek is the statesman, an outstanding scientist, great astronomer and mathematician, grandson of the famous ruler and Commander Amir Timur, was born March 22, 1394 in Sultaniya city (Azerbaijan).In 1409 Ulugbek became the ruler of Samarkand. During his reign, the city was one of the world centers of science of the Middle Ages. There used to be scientific school, united prominent astronomers and mathematicians. In the years 1417-1420 there was built a madrassah in Samarkand, which was the beginning of the architectural ensemble of the Registan. Since young ages Ulugbek fond of astronomy. So, he built a unique structure for its time, the famous observatory. In 1437 Ulugbek created Gurgansky Zidj (catalog of the sky), where were described 1018 stars. In 1444, after thirty years of astronomical observations the great astronomer created his scientific work - "Zij jadidi Guragani" or ...

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Ugham Chatkalsky National Park
Published: 03 may 2014

Ugham Chatkalsky National Park was founded in 1990, is located in Tashkent region, offshoot mountain range of the Western Tien Shan. The reserve area is 574.6 hectares. The main purpose of the park is to preserve the unique landscapes, using them for recreational purposes, as well as for agriculture.Territory of Ugham Chatkalsky Park is divided into functional areas: recreation area, wildlife area and area of natural landscapes. Today, there are 2200 plants, among which the most popular are the family Asteraceae (Compositae), Papilionaceous (legumes), Poaceae (gramineous). Approximately 650 species of plants are used in medicine and 400 species as food. Reserve’s fauna includes about 280 species: mammals - 44 species; birds - more than 200; fish - 20; reptiles - 16; amphibians - 2. During the journey you can hear a pleasant birds singing; these are larks, oriole, white-winged woodp...

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Mountains of Uzbekistan
Published: 27 march 2014

Mountains of Uzbekistan refer to the mountain systems of the Western Tien Shan and Southern Tien Shan (Gissar-Alay, including Turkestan, Zaravshan, Gissar, Karategin, Alay ridges).The high of the mountains on the territory of Uzbekistan reaches more than 4000 m., but all picks of 4000 m, high are situated in the boundary regions. For example, Khazrat-Sultan Pick – the highest point in Uzbekistan (4643 m.) in Gissar ridge, located in Surhandarya region borders on Tajikistan. Adelung Pick (4301 m.) is the highest point in Pskem ridge and borders on Kyrgyzstan, as well as Beshtor Pick (4299 m.).The huge and compound mountain system of Central Asia belongs to the highest mountain systems of Europe and Asia mountain ranges. The range crosses the whole Eurasian continent from West to East. The Tian Shan and the Pamir-Alay mountain systems are included to its central and highest part, so ...

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Sarmysh gorge
Published: 12 november 2013

In Uzbekistan in the Kizilkum mountains near Navoi city there is Sarmysh gorge. It is the area of the massif Bukantau. At the end of the 80-s of the 20th century there were rumours in this region, that UFO accidents occurred in Sarmysh gorge. The scientific expedition immediately flew to the site of occurrence. The researchers made the great and laborious task, but no remains of the UFO were found. However, the expedition was not entirely fruitless. In the gorge Sarmysh many ancient rock paintings were discovered by scientists. Among these pictures there were very unusual examples. People alike aliens in obscure outfits resembling spacesuits were depicted on the paintings. The researchers suggest that the age of the patterns is ten or fifteen thousand years. The scientists already found something like this in the caves in China and Spain. But there were not so many petroglyphs anywhere...

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The theatre of historical costume "El Merosi"
Published: 25 september 2013

  The theatre of historical costume "El Merosi"("The People's Heritage") has been working since 2005. Today, the theatre "El Merosi" offers you the costumes of different epochs. Thanks to them, we can get acquainted with the secrets and laws of folk art’s beauty.   In Samarkand theatre of historical costume "El merosi" you can see the life and traditions of the residents of our region from the earliest times to the present. Here are the costumes of different historical periods:  - Costume of Scythian horsemen and warriors of the first millennium BC, was created based on the Hermitage collection, the Institute of Oriental Studies and the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan. The leather fabrics and animal skins were used for their production.  - Anahita costume of 6th century BC, was created based on the funds of the Samarkand Museum of History, found on Afrasiab se...

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Gafur Ghulyam Park
Published: 02 september 2013

  Park of Culture and Rest named Gafur Ghulyam  was established in 1967. Today, it is one of the biggest and green parks not only in Tashkent, but also in the whole country. It has an area of 23 hectares. There are majestic plane trees, slender birches and pines, oaks.   Gafur Ghulyam Park is a real oasis in the big city in the summer heat. Having been here, you will forget about scorching heat, because there are so many different trees and fresh greenery. There is a lake in the middle of the park, where you can ride a boat and catamaran. A large number of park amusements are attracted both children and adults. The main attraction of the park is “Ferris wheel”, the movement of which means that the park is open. Here you can spend not only merry holiday with children, but also just to relax and sit in the shade of trees.   There is a small zoo corner in the...

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Mirzo Ulugbek Park
Published: 29 august 2013

  Mirzo Ulugbek Park, former park Thelman is one of the oldest and fascinating parks in Tashkent. It is great place for funny rest with children and friends. Her you can also relax under the shade of green trees, beautiful plants surrounded by greenery. It is especially nice to do after a hard day's work.   There are many different attractions both for children and young people. It is mostly of course children’s rides, as most of the audiences are children.   For the first time the solemn opening of the park was held on June 24, 1934. During the war, there were organized free meals for evacuated children. After the war, there were musical evenings. It was like city “music room”.   Today, there is an artificial lake in the park, where you can ride on boats and catamarans, a huge Ferris wheel from which you can take all round view of Tashkent, as well ...

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Japanese garden
Published: 26 august 2013

  Japanese garden is a small park in Tashkent, located in the territory of "Uzexpocentre". It was built jointly by the initiative of the Embassy of Japan in Uzbekistan and the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations of the Republic of Uzbekistan.   August 25, 2001 was the opening day of the Japanese garden. It is an unusually beautiful place is frequently visited by brides and grooms so that to make a beautiful wedding photos. Being in a Japanese garden, you plunge into depth and originality of Japanese culture, as well as learn their philosophy, a way of thinking.   There is a sacred Japanese tree sakura (Japanese cherry) on the bank of the old lake filled with Japanese lotus. From here visitors make trips by small boat. There is also a tea house where you can get a feeling of unusual tradition of the Japanese tea ceremony.   There are two pavilions – Azumaya in...

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Tashkent Disneyland
Published: 20 august 2013

  Tashkent Disneyland is Amusement Park, located near the Water Park. Here, in the centre of the city, you will have a unique opportunity to ride on dizzy “roller coaster”, as well as there is “Ferris Wheel”; here you can admire the beautiful view of our city.   You will also sail on a boat among the thickets of tropical plants on the ride “Jungle”, meeting on the way different wild animals under the accompanying sound that creates the illusion of your stay in the tropical jungle.   There are also many other swings: “boat”, “wave”, “frog”. If you prefer extreme sport, you should try the “hammer”, which gives a dose of adrenaline.   The youngest visitors of the park can enjoy a fun time on the classic children’s carousel. It will not leave anyone indifferent.   Tashkent Disne...

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Uzbek head-dress
Published: 14 august 2013

  The Uzbek head-dress has always been one of the most popular and widespread types of applied art of Uzbekistan. It is a hard or soft cap on the lining. The Uzbek head-dress became an integral part of the Uzbek national costume, came into the life and traditions of Uzbek people. It (from the Turkic "Tube" - top) is not only the national head-dress among the Uzbeks, but also among other Central Asian nations. They are classified by types: men, women, children, for old people. Old women do not wear it. Child's head-dresses (kulohcha, kalpakcha, duppi, kulupush) are colorful fabrics, fluffiness of tassels and beads, embroidery, spangles and lots of charms. The most common forms of Uzbek head-dreasses are- square, slightly conical. They are made of two or more layers of fabric quilted and fixed with a silk or cotton thread. It is usually embroidered with a silk thread, gold or silver c...

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Aquapark
Published: 14 august 2013

  The beach season in Tashkent begins with the opening of Tashkent Water Park, where adults and children can spend unforgettable summer holiday. The Tashkent aquapark was built in 1997, located near the TV tower, next to the hotel “Intercontinental”.   Here are fascinating and colorful water slides for children, “kamikadze” for adults, “Jakuzzi” with the effect of massage and swimming pool, simulating sea wave. The water in the pools of Water Park is so clear that meets drinking water standards. The waterslides are built according to age.   Having enjoyed the pleasure and extreme, you will feel an irresistible hunger. There are several cafes on the territory of the Water Park: "Favorite", "Aqua", "Jacuzzi", "Expo", "Green Island" where you can enjoy a variety of meals and snacks of international cuisine.  Address: Tashkent city, Ami...

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Tashkent zoological garden
Published: 06 august 2013

  Tashkent Zoo is a cultural and educational institution, organized in 1924. In 1940 the exposition of the zoo included more than 200 different species of animals and birds.   In 1994 the Uzbek government decided to build a new modern zoological garden. In 1997 it opened its doors for both residents and visitors of the capital. The territory of New Tashkent Zoo is 22 hectares.   Today, the exposition of zoological garden has more than three thousand of animals and 415 different species of birds. Here you can see 58 species of mammals, 74 species of birds, 26 species of reptiles, 191 species of fish.   There is also the "Aquarium" with sharks, morays and other inhabitants of underwater world. Workers of the zoo engaged in improvement of the territory, grow rare plants.   Taking a walk along the zoo, you can enjoy not only funny animals but also camel and hors...

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Botanical garden
Published: 02 august 2013

 Tashkent Botanical garden was founded in 1943; its square is 68 hectares. Today, there is a collection of plants of Eastern and Central Asia, North America, Europe, Far East and Crimea. Here you can see 4500 kinds of trees, plants, bushes and lianas.   Lotus Pond is the first thing you'll see, starting your journey. Here, in this cool and secluded location, you will be able to hide from the scorching heat, go for a walk around the pond. Perhaps you will see the blue bird living in the lake.   The garden is unusually beautiful in autumn. At this season you can admire the beauty of different colors and breathe the fresh and clean air.   Come here by all means in spring when there is a smell of violets in the air. You will be amazed by the beauty of blooming magnolia, silk acacia and roses of white, red, pink and cream colors.   Tashkent Botanical Garden is nationa...

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Folk show in madrasah Nadir Divan-Begi
Published: 18 july 2013

  Nadir Devan-Begi is one of the oldest and most beautiful medieval madrasahs of Bukhara. Here tourists and visitors can enjoy the performance of the folk ensemble and national performance, accompanied with live music. Here, in the madrasah Nadir Devan-Begi, you will have a unique opportunity to join the culture of the Uzbek people, to feel an oriental spirit, including traditional dances music, cuisine etc.   Folk show begins with silent national music, which gradually turns into a great show. The repertoire of the program is very interesting. You will see the dances of various regions of Uzbekistan: Uzbek national dance, Fergana classical dance, Khorezm folk dance, as well as Tajik and Arab dancing. Between dances, beautiful girls demonstrate fashion show of exquisite collections that combine modern fashion and national traditions.   Enjoying the performance of fol...

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Ichan-Kala gate
Published: 12 july 2013

   Ichan-Kala city (inner castle) is located in the historical centre of the ancient city Khiva. The territory of Ichan-Kala is 30 hectares. The height of the fortress’ walls is 10 metre. Darwaza (gate) were in each of the four parts of Ichan-Kala: the western gate - Ata-Darwaza are located at Kun-Ark Fortress, the north gate - Bagcha Darwaza, oriental - Palvan Darwaza and south - Tash-Darwaza.   Ata-Darwaza is the main gate of Ichan-Kala, located in the western part of the city. The gate was built in 1842 and destroyed in 1920. In 1975, they were again restored. The height of Ata-Darwaza’ door is 10 metre, its width is 4 metre. The fortress Kunya-Ark is located on the left side and Muhammad Amin Khan Madrasa is on the right side.   North Gate - Bagcha-Darwaza is a symmetrical structure in the fortress wall, its height is 8.5 meters. There are th...

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Marghilan atlas
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 09 july 2013

  Marghilan is one of the oldest cities of Fergana Valley in Uzbekistan. The city is famous for beautiful fabrics produced here. In Marghilan local people have engaged in manufacturing of silk fabrics since ancient times. Silk was known to be one of the most popular commodities of merchants, who exported it along the Silk Road in Greece and Egypt, Iran and China. At the end of XX century large population of Marghilan were weavers and artisans.   Today Marghilan is one of the main centres of rich traditions of silk weaving with its style, originality and techniques. Silk fabrics are produced here: adras, bekasami, benesary, light and thin silk for women's clothing – shoyi and madali, thick purple cloth-turm, which are original in contrast, and also abr atlases; from Persian “abr” means “cloud” that is light, weightless.   It is not surprisingly...

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Kaldyrgach-biy (Tole bi) Mausoleum
Published: 24 june 2013

 Kaldyrgach-biy (Tole bi) Mausoleum was built in the first half of the XV century in Tashkent city. There are remains of the eminent Kazakh politician Tole bi "Kaldyrgach" that means ("Swallow"), hence the name of the mausoleum. Tole bi was governor of Tashkent since 1743 to 1749 years. Unfortunately, the courtyard and the decoration of the mausoleum are not preserved. Kaldyrgach-Byi was the ruler of Mogolistan and Khoja Ahrar’s ancestor.   A dome in the form of a pyramid is in the unique composition of the mausoleum. It is a rare design for Uzbekistan. There are four niches, brick stairs and khujdras in the hall. Small square crypt is under the main hall. The facade of the mausoleum is not lined. There is a legend that says when people find out about the Kalmyks’ attack, they began to leave in a hurry their houses, strangely enough, but Tole bi wasn’t going t...

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Paper mill in Samarkand
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 19 june 2013

Today, in the 21 century, it is difficult to imagine the modern activity of humanity without paper. In spite of ultramodern IT-technologies, paper remains the main medium.The famous historical fact is that paper was born in China. China held the monopoly for many centuries, keeping the secrets of its production. But the history points at the fact that paper was also produced in other countries.In July, 751 on the river Taraz (Talas) the Chinese army invaded to the territory of Central Asia. But the ruler of Samarkand Abu Muslim directed his army against foreigners and captured twenty thousand of the Chinese. Among the Chinese soldiers there were many origins from craftsman families, including those who produced paper. Evidently, saving their lives they exposed all secrets of the technology to the local craftsmen. From this time, beginning from the VIII century, paper was produced in Sama...

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Rishtan ceramics
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 04 june 2013

Rishtan is a city in Fergana Valley of Uzbekistan. It is known for its pottery and ceramic products. Rishtan ceramics has its unique features. Secrets of making dishes are passed on father to son. A man participates in the basic technological processes of production, as it is very difficult to manufacture such kind of dishes. Women are respectively are engaged with painting and decoration. Masters of Rishtan mainly use floral patterns, so the geometric pattern in their work has never played a major role. Rishtan ceramic is very varied and picturesque, has the ability to play sound of high quality porcelain. It is believed, if the sound is louder, the quality of dishes is better. There are three main things in the manufacture of tableware: a special form of patterns, a certain color of paint and unique glaze. This glaze is called ishkor so Rishtan ceramics are sometimes called ishkor. Ris...

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