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Tashkent at the end of XIX century
Published: 24 february 2015

What was Tashkent at the end of XIX century? We can know about it only from the books of travelers, had visited Tashkent at that time.   Gabriel Bonvalot, famous French traveler, had been in the city in autumn 1880. He called Tashkent as the city of Stone, mentioned that its size was the same as Paris’s. The city was divided into 4 district – dacha. Each district was also divided into many blocks, called mahallya. The name of mahallya showed the profession of local people. So, casters were living in mahallya Dargez, smiths – in Takachi and so on. There were one-storied adobe houses with flat roof in the old city. They had one feature: theirs doors and windows faced only courtyard. Traditional clothing Bonvalot noticed that local people wore traditional clothing: cotton shirt, wide and short pants and long-sleeved gown. For shoes they used soft-leather boots. Rich...

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Traditional Uzbek houses
Published: 16 february 2015

The construction of Uzbek houses formed on the weather and relief of the region. That’s why each city of Uzbekistan has its own traditions and even school of architecture. Because of frequent rain, snow and also earthquake people build houses with double wooden frame in the mountains. But in the cities there were houses with single frame.  In the end of XIX century houses were built without foundation. Saman (chopped straw) was the only foundation of the houses. The main material for walls was clay, mixed with straw and other ingredients.  The plan of the houses  The yards in rich houses were double: internal and external. Women and children lived in courtyard; the external yard was used for guests. There were the most luxurious rooms. The plan of the house depended on family members, but the main rooms were kitchen, living room, hallway, some roo...

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Museum of carpet weaving history
Rubric: Handicrafts
Published: 13 february 2015

Staying in Bukhara city during the tour around Uzbekistan, don’t miss the chance to visit Museum of carpet weaving history. The exposition was opened in the building of ancient mosque Magoki Attory in 1991. Here you can see all kinds of traditional carpet, palas and felt weaving. In XIX-XXth centuries carpet of the Uzbek tribes “mitan”, “yuz”, “kurama”, “nayman” were of big popularity in Central Asia. Sources of carpet weaving origin in Central Asia refer approximately to III-II nd centuries BC. Traditions of carpet weaving in Bukhara oasis passed from father to son and during centuries they were improved. The museum exposition The museum collection consists of 104 samples of the carpet products used in the life of people in Uzbekistan - Uzbeks, Tadjiks, Jews, Turkmen, Kazakhs, Kirgiz, the Central Asian arabs and Uigurs. The co...

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Navruz Holiday
Published: 11 february 2015

Navruz is the most cheerful holiday in Central Asia. The history of the holiday goes back to ancient time, when people worshipped the Sun and the Fire. It was celebrated by solar calendar, based on the earth position compared to the Sun.  So the holiday celebrated on the 21 of March, the equinox day - when day and night are of equal length. For more than 3 centuries people of Central and East Asia celebrate Navruz as the holiday of Coming Spring. Navruz is the symbol of a new day and new year, it’s time for new plans, good mood and hopes. And nothing could change tradition: neither new religions, nor new rulers – Navruz remains popular holiday.  Why? The New Year always brings to people hopes and belief in better life and future. It’s considered that “if a man eats an apple and sniffs narcissus in the morning of Navruz holiday, the New year will be happ...

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The history of Uzbek Marionettes Theater
Published: 05 february 2015

We are no other than a moving row  Of Magic Shadow-shapes that come and go  Round with the Sun-illumined Lantern held  In Midnight by the Master of the Show Omar Khayyam Puppetry was very famous performance from high antiquity. It’s considered that the first puppet appeared in Central Asia in IV b.c. owing to Alexander the Great. For many centuries the art was forgotten. Local artists began to show such kind of performances in V-VII c. and later in XI-XII c. But puppetry became the most popular performance only during Temurid’s reign. Local people liked bright and interesting performances with a great depth of meaning. Chodirhayol On the territory of modern Uzbekistan theater of Marionettes called “Chodirhayol”. It’s translated as the theater of fantasy or ghosts. The performance ran only in the evening time. There was enclosed sp...

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About yurta
Published: 05 february 2015

The main type of accommodation for nomadic Uzbek people was yurta up to XIX century. After changing to settled life (end of XIX c.) they began to build wattle and daub houses. For this time yurta used only by stock keepers for summer period. At that time each young man going to marry had to have his own yurta. According to customs of kipchaks and karluks the man without yurta couldn’t marry. Yurta for newlywed was built from white felt. But if the groom didn’t have enough money, they would use common white cloth.  Construction features Uzbek yurta doesn’t have great differences from Turkmen, Kirgiz, Kazakh and Karakalpak yurts. The main difference is in decoration and other unimportant details. So we can say that the culture and everyday life of these peoples was closely connected. Prefabricated grating was the main structure of yurta. The builders used be...

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Sardoba or medieval water storage
Published: 30 january 2015

Because of dry climate water was very important in Central Asia. It was especially difficult for caravans having gone through the desert. That’s why special water storage or sardoba was set along the caravan ways. Sardoba is reservoir for water with covered dome. To get to water travellers should walk down the stairs. Such water storage were found near rabat, caravanserai and even in the cities. The reservoir was filled with rain and melting water. Sometimes water was coming from rivers and other water source by ariks and underground canals (kyariz). Structural features Sardobas were built from Ib.c. to XVIII a.d. Later they all were abandoned as caravan ways. But some of them exists nowadays giving opportunity to learn their construction in details. Mostly sardobas were built in the area with low lands – for collecting rain and melting water. Domes with holes were also for...

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Published: 29 january 2015

Caravanserai is an original public building in the Middle East and Central Asia, usually serves as shelter for travelers in cities and populated areas. There were one and two storey caravanserais. Caravanserai is of two types: open and closed. Closed form is a rectangular building with an open courtyard in the middle of which was a well. There were rooms for living and warehouse for the goods. They were widespread in IX-XVIII centuries, because this time caravan trade was especially developed. The term “caravansary” is of Persian origin. "Caravan" in Farsi means a group of traveling people; "serai" means a restroom. Caravanserai served not only as a building for temporary accommodation for travelers but there were also learned the latest commercial and political news, met with merchants from other cities and countries to conclude trade deals. Today caravanserai is a unique ar...

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Katta Langar: where time has no power
Published: 28 january 2015

The mountainous village Katta Langar is situated on the foot of the Zarafshan spine, 70 kilometers from Shahrisyabz. It is unique place with its picturesque nature landscapes. The view of this place gives a person pacification and calmness. Picturesque views are very attractive for tourists but also they are attracted by mosque and mausoleum of sufi Mahammad Sadik. More than half century ago he started to preach the doctrine, to meet his pupils and followers in this village. The mosque was built in the start of XVI century. Many years there were only praying hall and extra rooms. The building process of the mosque is unique and tourists can know many legends about it. This is one of them: when the construction was almost finished, workers had found out that they had lack of material to build the last column. The mosque was finished owing to sufi Mahammad Sadic who turned cotton bush i...

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Observatory Maidanak
Published: 27 january 2015

The definite location of this observatory is 120 kilometers from Samarkand, on the western side of the mountain Maidanak which actually gave the name to observatory. This unique place was created by astronomer V. S. Shevchenko. The location of the observatory was selected after long investigation of the area, its climate, permanently bright sky. Also this place is unique because of still air all year round. This all points help to make good and unique photos, control astrophysical objects. The one more interesting fact - Maidanak Observatory is situated between two big stations on the Earth (Hawaii and Canarias islands). The object is located 2700 meters above sea level, the best location for observatory work. The object is closed in winter because of severe climatic conditions, bad routes of supply. The common area of the object is 32 hectares, where 10 telescopes are located. The m...

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What can we learn from local people?
Published: 23 january 2015

Visiting other country, we like it or not we learn something new and even begin to think in a different way. Each journey gives us opportunity to see how other people live. You can learn many useful things from them and use them in your life. Well, what can we learn during the tour to Uzbekistan? Hospitality Hospitality – is national feature of Uzbek people. Even small children know how to meet guests and how to behave. Don’t know how to get to bazaar or hotel? Ask passes-by and they’ll show you not only the way, but even take you to the place. Ability to bargain Don’t know how to bargain? Go to bazaar during your tour to Uzbekistan and try to get some discount from the seller. It’s not so easy, because bargain is something from impudence, bluff and ability to smile and deal with seller. Peace of mind In the East people don’t get accustomed to hurry...

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Uzbek wine
Published: 22 january 2015

Wine in Uzbekistan has been known from ancient times. It’s full of taste drink which also can be useful. While drinking you get pleasure and make your health stronger. Avicenna noted that red wine could improve blood circulation of the brain. Today there are many kinds of wine, which can differ in taste depended on the grade of grapes. It is considered the sunnier weather the better taste of the grapes. So Uzbek wine is famous with its sweetness and low acidity.  The sweetness of grapes is 29% and it gives unique taste. Wine making has been known in Uzbekistan from ancient times. From year to year this brunch of industry has been improving which is based on ancient recipes and traditions. Where the wine is produced Almost all regions of Uzbekistan have appropriate conditions for growing grapes. These are fruitful soil, good climate and as a result the best harvest. In spite...

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Stones of Sangijuman
Published: 20 january 2015

Nature is the best sculptor: its creations are always mysterious and unique. The wind, air and water together create real masterpieces and they cannot be unnoticed. Good example is the area Sangijuman, situated in Navoi region. Here you can see unique stone compositions made by nature. They proudly rise above the ground and have unusual shapes. Some of these boulders have big size through-holes. Local people believe if a man with sick joints passes through the hole he’ll forget about his pain soon. From tajic language Sangijuman translates “rocking stone”. Area got this name because of unique stone, which has “no weight”. His weight is more than 280 tons, but if you touch the stone – it begins to rock. Even a little child can do it. Sangijuman is an uncommon place, where a lot of people come from the beginning of spring. Some of them wants to be heal...

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Uzbek shopping
Published: 20 january 2015

What’s Uzbekistan for you? Uzbek plov – yes! Halva and sweetest melon – certainly! Embroidered skullcap with gold threads? You’re right! And what’s about carpets, natural silk and souvenir knifes? Yes, this all you can find in Uzbekistan – country, which is famous by its hospitality. For shopping we recommend to visit oriental bazaar, where you can buy everything what you want. Trade begins from early morning and doesn’t stop until evening.  Fresh fruit, vegetables, dried fruit, sweets and spices you can buy in low price. Also you can bargain to take extra discount. But it’s not as simple as you suppose. Bargain is something from impudence, bluff and ability to smile and deal with seller. You can check this ability during your tour to Uzbekistan! Be sure – when you come to bazaar, you cannot go away without purchase. This ...

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“Barkhan” club
Published: 30 november 2014

Individuality and exclusiveness, much positive and unforgettable pastime, excellent music, the best DJs and artists, of course we are talking about one of the modern clubs of our capital. Well modern and charming restaurant “Barkhan” in the center of our attention.  “Barkhan” club is the regular thematical parties, specially invited guests from all over the world, unforgettable ballet and artists’ shows. Exquisite interior design combines the colors of oriental style and Hi-Tech elements. Bar of the restaurant offers you a large variety of alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks, cocktails, the taste of which helps you to arouse the firework of emotions and energies, accompanied the good club music. In order to experience all this positive and good feeling, come and you will make sure.   Address: Yakassaray district, St. Sh. Rashidov, 40 Working hours:...

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Samsa - honorable dish of the Uzbek cuisine
Published: 25 november 2014

Uzbek cuisine is a kind of branch of applied art and, perhaps, the rich cuisine ofCentral Asia. Its main distinctive and the most piquant feature is the intensive use of the meat. You know that only inUzbekistanyou can taste such wonderful dishes like pilaf, shurpa, lagman, damlyama and of course samsa – one of the honorable dishes of the Uzbek people.  Uzbek Samsa is pastry dough with different types of filling (meat filling – lamb, beef, chicken, vegetable filling – pumpkin, potatoes, onion). Bu the main flavor that gives the dish such a delicious taste is spices – zira, black and red pepper, sesame seed, which is known as necessary component in the Uzbek cuisine. It is important to know the right proportions of dough and filling for preparing samsa. There are many recipes of its cooking. Usually samsa is cooked from flour, water, salt, meat or vegetable fi...

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Pilaf - uzbek national dish
Published: 21 november 2014

As is known Uzbek cuisine is closely connected with the Uzbek culture, traditions and language. Since ancient times the Uzbek people led as nomadic and sedentary life, which prompted to borrowing of culinary traditions and variety of dishes. During its thousand-year history, the Uzbek cuisine had got its own specific feature, that’s why it is so popular abroad.  Today we will speak about one of the main traditional Uzbek dishes – pilaf. Uzbek pilaf is one of the achievements of Uzbek cuisine. This honor and favorite dish is cooked for each event inUzbekistan. If the pilaf is cooked without any cause, it is cooked by women, if there is a festive event, it is cooked by men or special master on pilaf cooking – ashpaz. There are many recipes of this wonderful dish. The Uzbek cuisine has more than 60 recipes. Each region ofUzbekistanhas its own unique recipe of this hon...

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The restaurant "Brazil"
Published: 09 november 2014

"Brazil" is the first and only Brazilian restaurant inUzbekistan. Any Brazilian can easily explain you meaning of the words rodizio, churassker, kaipirinya, feydzhoada, pikanya and panakota. Today you will be acquainted with the meaning of the word rodizio.  It is known 300 years ago, in the Pampas region, in the south ofBrazil, the locals invented a new way of cooking meat (big pieces of meat on the skewer were fried in the open air in the presence of the visitors). So, freshly cooked meat the visitor could eat as much as he wanted. Hence we know the meaning of the word "Rodizio". Well, for the full enjoyment you can only order a refreshing kayperinyu, Brazilian lemonade or classic Sangria.  Here you can see musicians and singers from Rio, taste delicious set of 10 kinds of meat, you will be offered a buffet dinner with plenty of salads, hot dishes and snacks, but the most imp...

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Seven sacred Sufis of Bukhara
Published: 02 november 2014

  Bukhara is the city where many thinkers, scientists, theologians, and poets lived. One of them is Abu Ali ibn Sina (Avicenna). He is the author of many interesting works in the field of medicine, psychology, mathematics, logic, physics, music, poetry, zoology. "Canon of Medicine" is his greatest creation. Al-Hasan al-Basri is theorist, psychologist, who preached the selfless love of God. It was his distinguishing feature of Sufi ideology.   There are seven sacred Sufies in Bukhara. As a rule the tour starts from the grave ofSheikh Abdul-Khaliq Abd Al Gijduvani, who founded School of the Central Asian Sufism. He always took a view that every imam must have his own job. There is Ulugbek madrasah near the new mosque, where pilgrims can pray.   Muhammad Arif Ar Revgary began to learn Sufizm very early. When he was 19, he taught philosophy. His manuscript ...

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National holidays of uzbekistan
Published: 23 june 2014

Nowruz (New day) is celebrated on March 21, the day of vernal equinox. This day Uzbek families cook national dishes such as sumalyak, pilaf, samsa and others. This holiday symbolizes friendship, unity and brotherhood of all peoples. That is why, this day people must forgive each other, not quarrel, as well as help the poor men. According to tradition, all this brings home good luck, prosperity and well-being. People visit their relatives and friends, sing songs, as well as wish the New Year to be prosperous. The Uzbeks who live in villages arrange traditional competitions and games.Ramazan Hait is celebrated on the 9 month Hijri on Muslim calendar. It is a celebration of moral and spiritual purification. After fasting-day – Uraza, which lasts 30 days, is celebrated Ramazan Hait. During Uraza it is not allowed to eat, drink and take pleasure. But after sunset and before sunrise it i...

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